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2001年10月自考《英语(二)》考试真题

来源:学力教育自考网 2020-05-13 16:53:06 【自考大专/本科,到学力教育】

全国200110月高等教育自学考试

英语()试题

课程代码:00015

全部题目用英文作答(英译汉题目除外),并将答案写在答题纸的相应位置上,否则不计分。

PART ONE

Ⅰ.Vocabulary and structure(10 points,1 point for each item)

   从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并将答案写在答题纸上。

1.Should she come tomorrow,I ______ take her to the museum.

  Acan            Bwill          Cwould      Dmust

2.Mary of us visited the industrial exhibition,______,to our disappointment,we saw very few high-tech(高技术) products.

  Awhere          Bwhich         Cas         Dthat

3.These networks are on the ______ for warning signs that show the weakening of rock layers that can precede an earthquake.

  Aeagerness      Balarm         Calert      Dguard

4.His name will be crossed out from the list ______ he makes the same mistakes again.

  Aif             Bunless        Cbecause    Dthough

5.With the soaring of prices,a number of young college graduates cannot earn their living,______ supporting their parents.

  Anot to say                        Bto say nothing of

  Cnot saying                        Dsaying nothing of

6.______ it was raining,many international tourists were having picnics in the woods.

  AIn spite                          BIn spite of

  CIn spite of that                    DIn spite of the fact that

7.The students would not have made so much progress under less ______ conditions.

  Apopular        Bwelcome     Cfavourable  Dprosperous

8.Lots of empty beer bottles were found under the young man's bed;he ______ heavily.

  Amust have drunk                   Bmust drink

  Cshould drink                      Dhad to drink

9.On the other hand concern is also growing about the possibility of a new economic order ______ resource-rich nations of the Third World would combine to set high commodity prices.

  Awhich          Bwhat          Cthat       Din that

10.______ home,she found that she had left the key at the office.

  ATo have arrived                   BTo arrive

  CWhile arriving                    DArriving

.Cloze Test(10 points,1 point for each item)

   下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并将答案写在答题纸上。

Writing in a diary,watching television,talking with friends,speaking on the telephone,and

  11   a menuwhat do they have in common?They are all   12   of communication.It has been   13   that people spend more time communicating than they spend in any other complex activity in life.  14  ,communication is a word that most people have difficulty   15   and talking about.

The word communication may be used to identify activities that do not   16   people.For example,the word may sometimes be used to describe the    17    that animals relate to each other.   18  ,it is said that electronic devices communicatewith each other.However,commu-

nication most often refers to activities among people.Thus,communication may be defined as the

  19   by which people exchange feelings and ideas with one another.

  20   this definition is clear and simpe,much more needs to be said.

11.Aread        Breading       Cto read     Dhaving read

12.Apatterns     Bfashions       Cforms      Dmodels

13.Aestimated    Bpredicted     Cdesigned    Dcounted

14.ATherefore    BHence        CMoreover   DEven so

15.Adeserving                      Bdemonstrating

   Cdescribing                     Ddefining

16.Ainvolve      Bevolve       Cresolve    Drevolve

17.Amethods     Bways         Chabits     Dtechniques

18.ATraditionally                    BConstantly

   CSimilarly                       DUsually

19.Ameasures     Bmeans        Cmodes      Dmanners

20.AWhen        BNow that     CWhile       DIf

Ⅲ.Reading Comprehension(30 points,2 points for each item)

   从下列每篇短文后面的问题所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并将答案写在答题纸上。

Passage One

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

    In the past industries had more freedom than they have now,and they did not need to be as careful as they must today.They did not need to worry a lot about the safety of the new products that they developed.They did not have to pay much attention to the health and safety of the people who worked for them.Often new products were dangerous for the people who used them;often conditions in the work place had very bad effects on the health of the workers.

    Of course sometimes there were real disasters which attracted the attention of governments and which showed need for changes.Also scientists who were doing research into the health of workers sometimes produced information which governments could not ignore.At such times,there were inquiries into the causes of the disater or the problems.New safety rules were often introduced as a result of these inquiries;however,the new rules came too late to protect the people who had died or become seriously ill.

    Today many governments have special departments which protect customers and workers.In the U.S.,for example,there is a department which tests new airplanes and gives warnings about possible problems.It also makes the rules that aircraft producers must follow.Another department controls the foods and drugs that companies sell.A third department looks at the places where people work,and then reports any companies that are breaking laws which protect the health and safety of workers.

21.According to Paragraph 1,compared with today,industries in the past ______.

  Awere controlled less strictly

  Bwere worse off

  Caffected more people's health

  Dput out more unhealthy products.

22.It is implied in Paragraph 2 that years ago governments ______.

  Apaid much attention to the results of scientific discoveries

  Bseldom introduced safety laws before disasters occurred

  Chardly ever looked into the causes of tragedies

  Dimposed safety rules as soon as disasters occurred

23.In the U.S.today ______.

  Athere are altogether three departments which protect customers and workers

  Bstores dealing in foods and drugs are under government control

  Ca company with poor or dangerous working conditions is likely to be punished

  Dthe protection of workers' health and safety is well ensured

24.The main topic of the passage is ______.

  Aindustries in the past and at present

  Bchanges in the development of industries

  Cthe protection of industrial workers and customers

  Dthe freedom of industries

25.The purpose of this passage is to ______.

  Ainform      Bcriticize      Centertain     Dpersuade

Passage TWO

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

    I made a pledge to myself on the way down to the vacation beach cottage.For two weeks I would try to be a loving husband and father.Totally loving.No ifs,ands or buts.

    The idea had come to me as I listened to a talk on my car radio.The speaker was quoting a Biblical(圣经的) passage about husbands being thoughtful of their wives.Then he went on to say,Love is an act of will.A person can choose to love.To myself,I had to admit that I had been a selfish husband.Well,for two weeks that would change.

    And it did.Right from the moment I kissed Evelyn at the door and said,That new yellow sweater(套头衫) looks great on you.

    “Oh,Tom,you noticed,she said,surprised and pleased.Maybe a little puzzled.

    After the long drive,I wanted to sit and read.Evelyn suggested a walk on the beach.I stared to refuse,but then I thought,Evelyn's been alone here with the kids all week and now she wants to be alone with me.We walked on the beach while the children flew their kites.

    So it went.Two weeks of not calling the Wall Street firm where I am a director,a visit to the shell museum though I usually hate museums.Relaxed and happy,that's how the whole vacation passed.I made a new pledge to keep on remembering to choose love.

    There was one thing that went wrong with my experiment,however.Evelyn and I still laugh about it today.On the last night at our cottage,preparing for bed,Evelyn stared at me with the saddest expression.

    “What's the matter?I asked her.

    “Tom,she said in a voice filled with distress,do you know something I don't?

    “What do you mean?

    “Well...that checkup(体检)I had several weeks ago...our doctor..did he tell you something about me?Tom,you've been so good to me...am I dying?

    It took a moment for it all to sink in.Then I burst out laughing.

    “No,honey,I said,wrapping her in my arms.You're not dying;I'm just starting to live.

26.In the first paragraph,No ifs,ands or butsprobably means ______.

  AUnintentionally             BInevitably

  CImpressively               DUnconditionally

27.From the story we may infer that Tom drove to the beach cottage ______.

  Awith his family             Bwith Evelyn

  Calone                     Dwith his children

28.During the two weeks on the beach,Tom showed more love to his wife because ______.

  Ashe looked lovely in her new clothes

  Bhe had made a lot of money in his Wall Street firm

  Che was determined to be a good husband

  Dshe was seriously ill

29.The author says,There was one thing that went wrong with my experiment.What was the one thing that went wrong?

  AHe praised her sweater,which puzzled her.

  BShe insisted on visiting a museum,which he hated.

  CHe knew something about her illness but didn't tell her.

  DHe was so good to her that she thought she must be dying.

30.Be saying “I'm just starting to live,Tom means that ______.

  Ahe is just beginning to understand the real meaning of life

  Bhe is just beginning to enjoy life as a loving husband

  Che lived an unhappy life before and is now starting to change

  Dhe is beginning to feel regret for what he did to his wife before

Passage Three

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

    Americans who remember the good old daysare not alone in complaining about the educational system in this country.Immigrants(移民) complain,too.Lately a German friend was filled with anger when he learned that the mathematics test given to his son on his first day as a college freshman included multiplication and division.Japanese businessmen in Los Angeles send their children to private schools staffed by teachers imported from Japan to learn mathematics at Japanese levels,generally considered at least a year more advanced than the level here.

    But I wonder:If American education is so poor,why is it that this is still the country of innovation(创新)?

    When I was 12 in Indonesia,I had to memorize the names of all the world's major cities,from Kabul to Karachi.At the same age,my son,who was brought up a Californian,thought that Buenos Aires was Spanish for good food.However,unlike children of his age in Asia and Europe,my son had studied creative geography.When he was only 6,he drew a map of the route that he traveled to get to school,including the streets,the traffic signs and the houses that he passed.

    Dissatisfied American parents forget that in this country their children are able to experiment freely with ideas;without this they will not really be able to think or to believe in themselves.

   Critics of American education cannot grasp one thing:freedom.America,I think,is the only country that extends even to children the license to freely speak,write and be creative.Our public education certainly is not perfect,but it is a great deal better than any other.I think I have found the answer to my question.

31.From the text we learn that ______.

  Aboth Americans and immigrants are dissatisfied with the quality of American education

  Bthe author shares the general idea that American education is worse than education in many other countries

  CJapanese schools in America require their American teachers to teach mathematics at Japanese levels

  Dthe author's German friend was a little displeased because the mathematics test for his son was too easy

32.Which of the following is NOT true?

  AThe author most probably was an immigrant from Asia and received some school education there.

  BBuenos Aires must be the name of a city,as are Kabul and Karachi.

  CChildren in other countries are not likely to learn creative geography.

  DThe knowledge of geography of the author's son shows that American education is poor.

33.Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

  AIf children are not allowed to experiment freely with ideas they won't grow up independent and creative.

  BMost Americans think the present American educational system is not as good as it used to be

  CPrivate schools run by Japanese businessmen maintain a higher level than American public schools.

  DAmericans are more innovative than other people in the world.

34.In the last paragraph the author say,I have found the answer to my question.What is the question?

  AIs Japanese education better than American education?

  BWhy do Japanese businessmen send their children to Japanese-staffed schools?

  CWhy was my son not taught enough geographic knowledge?

  DIs American education really worse than education in other countries?

35.What would be the best title for this passage?

  AAmerican education and education in foreign countries

  BImprovement needed for American education

  CFreedom to thinkcharacteristic of American education

  DEducation and innovation in America

PART TWO

.Word Spelling(10 points,1 point for two items)

将下列汉语单词译成英语。作为提示,每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。

36.婴儿                  n. i______       37.收回,撤退       v. w______

38.挨饿                  v. s______       39.主题             n. t______

40.波动,起伏            v. f______       41.战略,策略       n. s______

42.分配;任务            n. a______       43.人性;人类       n. h______

44.谈判,协商            v. n______       45.短语             n. p______

46.道德的                a. m______       47.预算             n. b______

48.动机,动力            n. m______       49.威胁             n. t______

50.典型的                a. t______        51.分开,分离       n. s______

52.年轻的;朝气蓬勃的   a.y______        53.维持;维修       v. m______

54.逃离                  v. f______        55.环境,周围状况   n. e______

.Word Form (10 points,1 point for each item)

将括号中的各词变为适当的形式填入空白。答案写在答题纸上。

56.It has been proved that some people's best ideas seem ______(occur) when they are relaxing and daydreaming.

57.If you had come earlier,you ______(not miss) the first act of the play.

58.They may have their passports______(remove),making leaving or escapingactually impossible.

59.This poem,if ______(translate)word for word into Chinese,will make no sense.

60.We know that we are getting even older,and that the nearer a society approximates so zero population growth,the ______(old)its population is likely to be.

61.Robots,already taking over human tasks in the automotive field,are beginning          (see),

although to a lesser degree,in other industries as well.

62.Anyone ______(want) to understand the industry of the future will have to know about IT(information technology).

63.The explorers were puzzled over what to do next because they were in a ______(trick) situation.

64.These electric appliances are all similar in construction but each one is ______(specialize) in its function.

  65.______(tell) that some guests were coming,she shopped all morning in the supermarket.

.Translate the following sentences into English(15 points,3 points for each item)

 将下列各句译成英语并将答案写在答题纸上。

 66.近年来,计算机在各个领域的应用越来越广泛。

 67.不论他怎么说,我也不相信他。

 68.他的肤色与他是否是个好教授没有关系。

 69.在表达自己的意见时,我们应该力求客观。

 70.从某种程度上来说,她的失败是由于运气不好。

 Ⅶ.Translate the following passage into Chinese(15 points)

 将下列短文译成汉语并将答案写在答题纸上。

    It is amazing(令人惊讶的)how much we know about parenting before we have children,and how little we know once we become parents ourselves.Before we have children we know just how to avoid making the mistakes our parents made and how to handle those violent tempers that we see other parents mismanage.

And then we have our own children.What happens to all that confidence and knowledge?If we're luckly,we can hold on to it briefly as our hearts are filled with wonder at that lovely baby who can do no wrong.But in no time at all that newborn baby who brought us so much joy is challenging us in ways we never imagined and bringing confusion into our once orderly lives.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

全国200110月高等教育自学考试

英语(二)试题参考答案

课程代码:00015

.Vocabulary and structure(10 points,1 point for each item)

   1.C            2.A          3.C        4.A          5.B

   6.D            7.C          8.A        9.C         10.D

.Cloze Test(10 points,1 point for each item)

   11.B          12.C         13.A       14.D         15.D

   16.A          17.B         18.C       19.B         20.C

.Reading Comprehension(30 points,2 points for each item)

   21.A          22.B         23.C       24.C         25.A

   26.D          27.C         28.C       29.D         30.B

   31.A          32.D         33.A       34.D         35.C

.Word Spelling(10 points,1 point for two items)

   36.infant                 37.withdraw             38.starve

   39.theme                 40.fluctuate              41.strategy

   42.assignment            43.humanity             44.negotiate

   45.phrase                46.moral                47.budget

   48.motive                49.threat                50.typical

   51.separation             52.youthful              53.maintain

   54.flee                  55.environment

.Word Form (10 points,1 point for each item)

   56.to occur         57.would not have missed         58.removed

   59.translated       60.older                        61.to be seen

   62.wanting         63.tricky                     64.special

   65.Having been told

.Translate the following sentences into English(15 points,3 points for each item)

   66.In recent year,the computer is finding wider and wider application in all field.

   67.Whatever he says,I won't believe him.

   68.The color of his skin is irrelevant to whether he is a good professor or not.

   69.In expressing our opinions,we should try to be as objective as possible.

   70.To some degree,sheowed her failure to bad luck.

.Translate the following passage into Chinese(15 points)

    真奇怪,在(我们)有孩子以前我们对育儿所知甚多,而一旦(我们)成了父母我们又所知甚少了。有孩子以前,我们知道如何避免我们父母犯过的错误,也知道如何对付那些别的父母不知如何处理的暴躁脾气。

    然后,我们有了自己的孩子。所有那些自信和知识都到哪儿去啦?如果我们幸运,当我们看到自己可爱的不会犯错误的宝宝时,(我们)心中充满惊喜,这时我们还能暂时保有自己的信心和知识,但很快地,那给我们带来如此多欢乐的新生儿就对我们发出我们从未设想过的挑战,并使我们一度秩序井然的生活乱成一团。

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